Two weeks ago, I showed you the interval card and challenged you to create a countdown to celebrate the new year.
We begin with
❚ interval and set period of
1000 milliseconds. It creates a stream that emits incremental numbers, periodically. Remember: this card will emit
1000 ms after the stream has started.
We would like to create a countdown from 5 to 0 that:
❚ interval never stops emitting event values. But we only need the first ones.
“We only need X” guides you to the filtering category. Then, “the first ones” helps finding the appropriate filtering card:
Instead of a
0 1 2 3 4 5 stream, we are looking for
5 4 3 2 1 0. We need to transform each value:
“We need to transform each value” guides you to the transformation category and the card
The first value is emitted only 1000ms after the stream has started. Naturally, the
❚ startWith card comes to our mind when we need to “start immediatelly with a value”.
This constraint means the stream should emit the
◉ complete notification immediately after the end value of the countdown (learn more about “completion” in Episode 9). It turns out that
❚ take (we picked for contraint 1) does exactly that after having filtered the first N event values.
We now have picked 3 cards:
❚ map and
❚ startWith. As we learned in Episode 3, we can put cards one after another, in a chain. Each card in this chain operates on the stream generated by the previous card. In which order do you put the cards? There are 6 chains possible:
In the case of this challenge, any of this chain could work! But you have to choose the right arguments in each scenario.
Can you write six solutions using only
❚ map and
With the chain 3)
interval ⇢ map ⇢ take ⇢ startWith, you have to set those arguments:
More generally, here are the six chains with the proper arguments (replace
5 to get a countdown from
Obviously, one could argue that some of those solutions are inelegant. Which one do you prefer?
PS. There are even more solutions to this challenge. But we need to see new categories and new cards before. I’ll update this article over the course of 2018 as we learn new things!